This Day in History: The Destruction of Herostratus and the Temple of Artemis, One of the Seven Wonders of the World

356 BC In the 4th century BC, one of the most notorious arsonists of antiquity, Herostratus, set fire to the impressive Greek temple of Artemis in what is now Turkey. Today, only the ruined foundations of this once-magnificent structure remain, and Herostratus was legalized by Voldemort by the ancient Greeks.

Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis, dedicated to the Greek goddess of the hunt, was located in the ancient city of Ephesus, near present-day Selcuk in Turkey. It was first built in the Bronze Age, probably in the late 8th century BC. BC, at first it was not so impressive. A simple place of worship, it was destroyed by a flood in the 7th century BC. A few meters buried under sand and rubble, but heavily modernized. More than 125 years later, when rebuilt as a marble structure supported by wooden beams, the temple was over 377 feet long and 150 feet wide, making it the largest Greek temple ever built. More than a quarter of his 127 columns were decorated with reliefs by the famous artist Scopas. Kings, peasants, and merchants alike flocked to the Temple of Artemis to pay homage to the goddess.